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What Is Special Education

Details: The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is the federal law that defines and regulates special education. It requires public schools to provide special education services to children ages 3 to 21 who meet certain criteria. To qualify, a student must:

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Literacy Strategy: How to Teach Sight Words Understood

Details: Cheryl Lyon, MAT is a PhD student in educational psychology with a focus on special education and literacy. Reviewed by Allison Posey, MEd, CAST, Inc. is a curriculum and design specialist at CAST.

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What Is Universal Design for Learning

Details: Makes learning more accessible in general education classrooms, which is where most kids who learn and think differently spend most or all of the school day. Presents information in ways that adapt to the learner, instead of asking the learner to adapt to the information.

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6 Co-Teaching Models Understood

Details: Co-teachers are often general education teachers and special education teachers working together in the general education classroom. You plan lessons together and teach together to support the diverse academic and social-emotional needs of all students — those who have been identified as having a disability and those who haven’t.

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MTSS: What Is a Multi-Tiered System of Supports

Details: All students in the general education classroom are in this tier. Teachers use instruction that’s proven to work. Students may work in small groups based on their strengths and areas of need. The school monitors all kids’ progress. A student who is struggling may move to …

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Literacy Strategy: How to Teach Retelling Understood

Details: “The effects of storytelling and story reading on the oral language complexity and story comprehension of young children,” from Early Childhood Education Journal “Comparison of the effectiveness and efficiency of oral and written retellings and passage review as strategies for …

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What Is Trauma-Informed Teaching

Details: She is a former educator and presents nationwide at education conferences. Reviewed by Jerome Schultz, PhD is a clinical neuropsychologist and lecturer in …

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What Is Decoding

Details: Decoding connects how words sound to how those sounds are represented by letters. Phonics instruction helps readers make those connections. For example, when the letter c is followed by the vowels e, i, or y, it usually makes its soft sound, as in cell, city, and cypress. With other vowels, the letter c makes a hard sound, as in cap, code, and cut.

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What Is a 504 Plan Understood

Details: 504 plans aren’t part of special education. So, they’re different from IEPs. 504 plans and IEPs are covered by different laws and work in different ways. But the end goal is the same: to help students thrive in school. (Learn more about the difference between IEPs and 504 plans .)

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What Is Least Restrictive Environment

Details: General education classroom with support. A child spends the entire day in a general education class and gets supports and services like a tutor or aide, assistive technology, related services, or accommodations. Partial mainstream/inclusion classroom. A child spends part of the day in a general education class.

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Explicit Instruction Teaching Guide Understood

Details: Explicit instruction is an approach to teaching that helps all students, especially those who learn and think differently. Teachers use explicit instruction to teach concepts or skills in a very structured way. Here’s how to use explicit instruction in the classroom. 1. Identify a clear, specific objective.

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What Is an IEP Meeting Understood

Details: The first IEP meeting must happen within 30 days after the school decides your child is eligible for special education . That meeting will launch your child’s special education program. Once the plan is finalized, your child will start getting services and supports.

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How to Read an IEP for Teachers Understood

Details: Sometimes, special education and related services take place in the general education classroom. That means you and other school staff will need to plan and work together to provide instruction for the student. The IEP may list “consultation services” to account for this planning time.

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What Is Personalized Learning Understood

Details: Personalized learning is an educational approach that aims to customize learning for each student’s strengths, needs, skills, and interests. Each student gets a learning plan that’s based on what they know and how they learn best. Personalized learning doesn’t …

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Understood Teacher Fellowship Understood

Details: Juliana Urtubey is a hybrid special education teacher and instructional strategist working in inclusion and resource settings in Las Vegas. She holds a BA in elementary education with bilingual education certification and an MA in bilingual special education, both from the University of Arizona.

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How to Use Culturally Responsive Teaching in the Classroom

Details: Culturally responsive teaching (CRT) is a research-based approach that leverages students’ assets — their cultures, languages, and life experiences — to create rigorous, student-centered instruction.

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Printable Card to Introduce Your Child to Teachers Self

Details: A 3×3 card is an easy way to help teachers get to know your child’s strengths and challenges early in the school year. Print this 3×3 card to share with teachers.

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What Is No Child Left Behind (NCLB)

Details: No Child Left Behind (NCLB) was the main law for K–12 general education in the United States from 2002–2015. The law held schools accountable for how kids learned and achieved. The law was controversial in part because it penalized schools that didn’t show improvement. The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) was in effect from 2002

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What is a 504 Plan: A Teacher's Guide Understood

Details: A 504 plan is designed to give students with disabilities or medical conditions equal access to the general education curriculum. It outlines how the school will provide supports and remove barriers to learning . You may have heard a 504 plan called a “504 accommodation plan.”. That’s because the 504 plan outlines the. accommodations.

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Literacy Strategy: Phonics Blending Understood

Details: Phonics blending is a way for students to decode words. With phonics blending, students fluently join together the individual sound-spellings (also called letter-sound correspondence) in a word. With a word like jam, students start by sounding out each individual sound-spelling (/j/, /ă/, /m/). Then, they slowly blend those sounds together

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What Is Functional Behavioral Assessment (FBA

Details: As part of a school evaluation for special education . An evaluation looks at all aspects of a student’s learning. If the team thinks behavior is getting in the way of the student’s learning or the learning of classmates, it will do an FBA. If new behavior concerns arise with kids who have an IEP or a 504 plan . When this happens, schools

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Betsy DeVos and Special Education Understood

Details: The new secretary of education is Betsy DeVos. She is a philanthropist from Michigan who has dedicated her time and financial resources to promoting school choice programs in Michigan and elsewhere around the nation. She has not held any position in public education. Q.

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What Is Strategy Instruction

Details: Strategy instruction is a teaching practice that shows students how to learn the content or skills they need to acquire. It provides students with clear strategies (such as note-taking or thinking aloud) to help them process, remember, and express the information they learn.

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Implicit Bias: Breaking Down Parent-Teacher Communication

Details: That bias is often cut through when teachers realize that the parents are an active part of their student’s education. To be clear, this is a teacher issue, not a parent issue. But if a parent doesn’t already have a great relationship with a teacher, that’s the best way to start. Kareem Neal, MA, is a special education teacher in Phoenix.

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School Punishment: Your Child's Legal Rights Without an

Details: The school suspends or expels him or changes where he receives his education. You suspect the reason for the misbehavior is a learning or thinking difference. However, your child doesn’t have an Individualized Education Program ( IEP ) or 504 plan .

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Why Students Aren't Engaging in Distance Learning

Details: Whether you call it remote learning, online learning, or distance learning, school looks different during the COVID-19 pandemic .While some students are thriving with this way of learning , many students don’t seem to be engaging in it.Some students may not be present at all.

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What Is Expressive Language Disorder

Details: Expressive language disorder is a problem with communication. It makes it hard for people to share their thoughts or ideas, or show they understand what others are saying. This happens in all settings — at school, at work, and anywhere else people interact. Obtenga …

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Important Special Education Terms, Legal Terminology IEP

Details: An Individualized Education Program (IEP) is a legally binding document. If your child qualifies for special education, this is a very important document for you and your child. It spells out your child’s educational goals, academic challenges and strengths. It …

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Evaluation Process Moving Too Slowly Understood

Details: School districts have to follow specific guidelines for moving the evaluation process along. These guidelines are spelled out in federal special education law (the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act , or IDEA). According to the law, once you’ve given permission to conduct a formal evaluation, the district has 60 days to complete it.

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3 Tiers of Response to Intervention (RTI) Understood

Details: Tier 1: The whole class. All students in the general education classroom are in Tier 1. Teachers use methods like phonics that are proven to work. With RTI, there must be research backing up the teaching method. Students in this tier may work in small groups.

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Behavior Strategy: Respectful Redirection Understood

Details: Respectful redirection is a quick, in-the-moment strategy for providing students with corrective feedback. With respectful redirection, you get your students’ attention without making a big deal by using a calm tone, neutral body language, and clear, concise wording.

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Parent-Teacher Communication Strategies for Having

Details: She is the author of The Everything Parent’s Guide to Special Education. Two of her children have learning differences. Reviewed by. Reviewed by. Rayma Griffin, MA, MEd has spent 40 years working with children with learning and thinking differences in the …

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Ritalin Understood

Details: Ritalin is a stimulant drug that’s been used to treat ADHD since the 1960s. It’s a short-acting medication, but it also comes in an extended-release formula. Ritalin is a methylphenidate-based drug. Like all stimulants, it works by improving the way parts of the brain communicate.

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9 Reasons Kids Refuse Accommodations Understood

Details: She is the author of The Everything Parent’s Guide to Special Education. Two of her children have learning differences. Reviewed by. Reviewed by. Trynia Kaufman, MS is the senior manager of editorial research at Understood. She is a former educator and presents nationwide at education conferences.

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Special Education Terms Lawyers Use Understood

Details: Individualized Education Program (IEP) is a plan for a child’s special education experience at school . It outlines the special education and related services (such as speech therapy or counseling) the school will provide to meet a student’s individual needs. See a chart that compares IEPs and 504 plans .

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Your Legal Rights Under Due Process Special Education

Details: The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) provides a formal way to resolve disputes with the school. It is called “due process.” Due process takes time. If the situation isn’t resolved easily, you also may need an attorney or advocate.

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How to Make Sure Your Child Receives IEP Services During a

Details: The “stay put” right is one of the most powerful protections your child has under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). If you want to dispute a school’s decision to reduce the services in your child’s Individualized Education Program ( IEP ), you can use this right to keep the services in place until the dispute is resolved.

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Dyslexia and Bilingualism Understood

Details: Dyslexia is a common learning difference. It exists all over the world, in all languages. But even though the difficulties are largely the same in each language, kids who are bilingual and have dyslexia face a special set of challenges.

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Endrew F. Case to Decide How Much Benefit IEPs Must

Details: The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) states that kids with disabilities have the right to a free and appropriate public education (FAPE). That includes many …

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IEPs vs Service Plans Understood

Details: IEP Service Plan; What it is. A blueprint for a student’s special education experience in a public school. The plan must ensure that the child receives a free appropriate public education, or FAPE.. A plan paid for by the local school district for students with disabilities who attend private schools.

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Download: Endrew F. Advocacy Toolkit Understood

Details: The landmark decision is an opportunity to improve the special education services that students get. And it’s up to families to make the most of it. Doing so will not only help your child, but also many other kids who learn and think differently.

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How to Use UDL in Online Learning Understood

Details: Lauren Jewett is an Understood Teacher Fellow and a third/fourth-grade special education teacher in New Orleans. Reviewed by Gabrielle Rappolt-Schlichtmann, EdD is the executive director and chief scientist at EdTogether and an adjunct lecturer at the Harvard Graduate School of Education.

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Can a Student Get a 504 Plan for Anxiety

Details: Andrew M.I. Lee, JD is an editor and attorney who strives to help people understand complex legal, education, and parenting issues. Reviewed by Miriam Nunberg, Esq., EdM is an attorney, advocate and consultant who helps parents of students with disabilities navigate the …

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