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Economics of Education NBER

Details: The Education Program studies the effect of education on individuals’ earnings and other outcomes, as well as the effect of educational inputs and education policies on student achievement. Read summaries of presentations at the latest program meeting …

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Education, Income, and Human Behavior NBER

Details: Chapter 11: Education, the Price of Time, and Life-Cycle Consumption Author(s): Gilbert Ghez (p. 295-312) Chapter 12: On the Relation between Education and Crime

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Education and Innovation

Details: teenagers. Education can keep “smart and illicit” individuals, especially those coming from less advantaged backgrounds, from falling through the cracks. Despite these advances, the predictive power of individual traits is fairly low, and there are enormous potential returns to democratizing access to education and to supporting everyone

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Early Childhood Education NBER

Details: This paper organizes and synthesizes the literature on early childhood education and childcare. In it, we go beyond meta-analysis and reanalyze primary data sources in a common framework. We consider the evidence from means-tested demonstration programs, large-scale means-tested programs and universal programs without means testing.

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EDUCATION AS LIBERATION

Details: Education policies have often been motivated by views on their political impacts. Several U.S. states historically restricted the education of slaves for fear that it would encourage revolt (Woodson 1915), and Belgian colonial authorities in Africa enacted similarly restrictive education policies (Hochschild 1999).

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The Effects of Education on Health NBER

Details: The Effects of Education on Health. An additional four years of education lowers five-year mortality by 1.8 percentage points; it also reduces the risk of heart disease by 2.16 percentage points, and the risk of diabetes by 1.3 percentage points. There is a well known, large, and persistent association between education and health.

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Education and Unemployment NBER

Details: A major benefit of education is the lower risk of unemployment at higher educational levels. In PSID (Panel Study of Income Dynamics) data on the male labor force1 the reduction of the incidence of unemployment is found to be far more important than the reduced duration of unemployment in creating the educational differentials in unemployment rates.

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A Brief History of Education in the United States NBER

Details: A Brief History of Education in the United States. Claudia Goldin. Historical Working Paper 0119. DOI 10.3386/h0119. Issue Date August 1999. This essay is the companion piece to about 550 individual data series on education to be included in the updated Historical Statistics of the United States, Millennial Edition (Cambridge University Press

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Education, Birth Order, and Family Size NBER

Details: Education, Birth Order, and Family Size. We introduce a general framework to analyze the trade-off between education and family size. Our framework incorporates parental preferences for birth order and delivers theoretically consistent birth order and family size effects on children's educational attainment. We develop an empirical strategy to

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Education and Health July 2006

Details: education-related health inequalities, and the conclusions frequently differ. To some extent, this is a result of data limitations. Many of the data sets that we and others employ use health measures that are self-reported. In addition to true differences in health, there will thus be some differences related to

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Education as Liberation

Details: Willa Friedman, Michael Kremer, Edward Miguel & Rebecca Thornton. Scholars have long speculated about education's political impacts, variously arguing that it promotes modern or pro-democratic attitudes; that it instills acceptance of existing authority; and that it empowers the disadvantaged to challenge authority.

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Education: Consumption or Production NBER

Details: DOI 10.3386/w0104. Issue Date September 1975. It can be claimed that education is simply a normal consumption good and that like all other normal goods, an increase in wealth will produce an increase in the amount of schooling purchased. Increased incomes are associated with higher schooling attainment as the simple result of an income effect.

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The Importance of Education and Skills

Details: education, health, law, and information services: the share of value added rose from around 13% to 37%, while the share of employment rose from under 14% of total private employment to over 40%. 1 These shifting patterns reflect, in part, the outsourcing of production to lower-wage

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THE IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON STUDENT EXPERIENCES AND

Details: education, choice of major, etc.). Our results underscore the fact that the COVID-19 shock is likely to exacerbate socioeconomic disparities in higher education. This is consistent with ndings regarding the impacts of COVID-19 on K-12 students. Kuhfeld et al.,2020project that school closures are likely to lead to signi cant learning losses in math

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Summer Institute 2021 NBER

Details: SI 2021 Education. July 28-29, 2021 Organizer(s): Caroline M. Hoxby. SI 2021 Personnel Economics. July 28-29, 2021 Organizer(s): Mitchell Hoffman and Kathryn L. Shaw. SI 2021 Urban Economics. July 29-30, 2021 Organizer(s): Edward L. Glaeser. SI 2021 Health Care. July 29-30, 2021

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Measuring Discrimination in Education

Details: levels of parental education, families with little human or social capital, and even high rates of child labor. Thus, it is hard to understandwhether children who belong to these minority groups perform worse in school, on average, due to discrimination or due tothese other characteristics that may be associated with a disadvantaged background.

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Intergenerational Transmission of Education

Details: education makes you a different type of parent, and thus leads to your children having higher educational outcomes. Distinguishing between these scenarios is important from a policy perspective. One of the key roles of publicly provided education in our society is to increase equality

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Education Research and Administrative Data NBER

Details: Economics of Education More from NBER In addition to working papers , the NBER disseminates affiliates’ latest findings through a range of free periodicals — the NBER Reporter , the NBER Digest , the Bulletin on Retirement and Disability , and the Bulletin on Health — as well as online conference reports , video lectures , and interviews .

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The Effect of Education on Overall Fertility

Details: of education on each fertility margin separately. We find evidence that education “compresses” fertility. That is, we find an extra year of CSL-induced schooling decreases the number of children a given woman has, but increases the probability that a woman has any children. We

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Behavioral Economics of Education: Progress and

Details: Behavioral Economics of Education: Progress and Possibilities. Behavioral economics attempts to integrate insights from psychology, neuroscience, and sociology in order to better predict individual outcomes and develop more effective policy. While the field has been successfully applied to many areas, education has, so far, received less

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THE RACE BETWEEN EDUCATION AND TECHNOLOGY: THE …

Details: The return to education in 1915 greatly exceeded that in 1940 and was sufficiently high that it greatly exceeded returns in subsequent years. Only recently has the college premium approximated its value in 1915. That is, the payoff to a year of further study in 1915 was

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The G.I. Bill, World War II, and the Education of Black

Details: The unprecedented support for the education of returning World War II veterans provided by the G.I. Bill was notably race-neutral in its statutory terms. More than 1 million black men had served in the military during World War II and these men shared in eligibility for educational benefits, which included tuition payments and a stipend for up

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Returns to Education: The Causal Effects of Education on

Details: The Causal E ects of Education on Earnings and Health May 19, 2016 discounting of future bene ts; sis the highest attainable value of S. R s;i captures Weisbrod’s notion of valuing the future options that attaining schooling level sopens up.8 It is the individual causal e ect of an extra year of schooling inclusive of continuation values.

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Changing Returns to Education and the Black-White Earnings

Details: Average earnings trended down for both groups, and were $23,949 for Blacks and $39,415 for Whites in the latest cohort. The study considers how racial disparities in educational attainment contribute to these gaps. The share of the racial earnings gap that can be accounted for by educational differences is 10 percent for the first cohort, 15

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Poverty and Low Education Don't Cause Terrorism NBER

Details: Similarly, Krueger and Jrn-Steffan Pischke found that in Germany neither average education nor the average wage in the country's 543 counties was related to the amount of violence against foreigners. Turning to terrorism, the authors' analysis of the results of a public opinion poll conducted in the West Bank and Gaza Strip in December 2001

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EDUCATION: CONSUMPTION OR PRODUCTION

Details: Education is plotted along the horizontal axis and goods are plotted on the vertical axis. If the individual starts with an endowment at he produces education by moving along the curve, f(X3. The individual's ex post measured wealth position is given by the intersection of the line through G (with slope = with the vertical axis. Thus, if the c

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Education, Skills, and Technical Change: Implications for

Details: education in 2012, up from 50 percent in 1975.3 This increase was driven, in part, by the growing wage premium for a college education documented in the work of Goldin and Katz (2010), and by Valetta writing in chapter 9 of this volume. The dramatic increase in schooling was matched by a large increase in the national commitment to education.

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Is Education Consumption or Investment

Details: First, education is an investment into human capital (Becker, 1964). Second, labor markets can feature wage premia: individuals of a given skill level may receive higher wages if they match to more productive firms (Card et al., 2018). Third, distance influences school choice and the

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THE RETURNS TO EDUCATION IN CHINA: EVIDENCE FROM …

Details: the education law on years of schooling, both overall and among subgroups of the population.3 We show that the Compulsory Education Law of 1986 raised overall educational attainment in China (by about 0.8 years of schooling) during the 1997-2006 period, and that the impact varied systematically by …

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Education, Skills, and Technical Change: Implications for

Details: This book explores various facets of these questions and provides an overview of educational attainment in the United States and the channels through which labor force skills and education affect GDP growth. Contributors to this volume focus on a range of educational and training institutions and bring new data to bear on how we understand the

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IMPROVING EDUCATIONAL OUTCOMES IN DEVELOPING …

Details: adopting education policies that are backed by rigorous evidence of effectiveness. This interest in “evidence-based” policies has resulted in a growing number of impact evaluations since the turn of the century (Vivalt 2015). In recent years, several researchers have …

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Technology and Education: Computers, Software, and the

Details: Internet access (U.S. Department of Education 2012Most countries ). in Europe also have high rates of computer access in schools (European Commission 2013). In addition to school level investment in technology, central governments frequently play an active role in providing or subsidizing investment in computer and Internet access.

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EDUCATION FOR GROWTH: WHY AND FOR WHOM

Details: level education data is no higher than the reliability of individual-level educationdata. For example, the correlation between Barro and Lee's (1991) and Kyriacou's (1991) measures of average education across 68 countries in 1985 is 0.86, and the correlation between the change in schooling between 1965 and 1985 from these two sources is only 0.34.

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EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION NATIONAL BUREAU OF …

Details: Early Childhood Education Sneha Elango, Jorge Luis García, James J. Heckman, and Andrés Hojman NBER Working Paper No. 21766 November 2015, December 2015 JEL No. C93,I28,J13 ABSTRACT This paper organizes and synthesizes the literature on early childhood education and childcare. In it,

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Education, Cognition and Health: Evidence from a Social

Details: education on cognitive and non-cognitive skills but also ignores such background heterogeneity. 5 effect or negligible improvements. Perhaps the only exception is a significant and reasonably large (but imprecisely estimated) decline in mortality for low-ability individuals. This is

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The Long Reach of Education: Early Retirement

Details: the principal channel through which education influences early Social Security claiming decisions is the earnings pathway. We also consider the direct effect of education that does not operate through these pathways. The direct effect of education is much greater for early claiming of Social Security

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Government Intervention in the Markets for Education and

Details: 281 Government Intervention in Markets for Education and Health Care A fourth market imperfection, one that applies most strongly in small com- munities with a limited number of children to educate, is the presence of fixed costs in educational production. The marginal cost of adding another student

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Education and Health: Insights from International Comparisons

Details: education and health could be both determined by unobservable factors. Also the coefficient on education might reflect the effect of health on schooling rather than the reverse. We discuss these issues much more below. For the time being we describe the correlations that we observe and

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THE IMPACT OF EDUCATION ON HEALTH AND HEALTH …

Details: education, due to exemption from military service, had a negative impact on smoking. Currie and Moretti (2003) used college openings when a woman was 17 years old as an instrument for education and showed that maternal education, instrumented this way, …

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The Effects of School Spending on Educational and Economic

Details: education, 9.5 percent higher earnings, and a 6.8 percentage-point reduction in the annual incidence of adult poverty. In fact, a 25 percent increase over all school age years is sufficiently large to eliminate the attainment gaps between children from low- and high-income families. We

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Education, Cognition, Health Knowledge, and Health

Details: Education, Cognition, Health Knowledge, and Health Behavior. Using data from the NLSY97 we analyze the impact of education on health behaviors, measured by smoking and heavy drinking. Controlling for health knowledge does not influence the impact of education on health behaviors, supporting the productive efficiency hypothesis.

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The Effect of Education on Mortality and Health: Evidence

Details: education on health and mortality in developing or middle-income countries, and at lower margins of educational attainment. This paper examines the impact of a schooling expansion in Romania during the late 1950s and early 1960s, which sought to provide all students with at least 7 years of compulsory education.

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The Effect of ADHD on Educational Outcomes NBER

Details: The authors find that the boys and girls with moderate symptoms are similarly affected, but that boys with severe symptoms are much more likely to be enrolled in special education and to have lower test scores than comparable girls. The authors also examine whether the effects of ADHD and treatment for the disorder vary by income level.

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The Causes and Consequences of Increased Female Education

Details: education, there are many policies directed at increasing female education that have been put in place in recent decades. One type of policy inv. olves school infrastructure. Building more schools could be a girl-friendly policy if parents are more sensitive to travel distance when

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THE IMPACT OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION ON OBESITY AMONG

Details: Boards of Education (NASBE) (see, e.g., IOM, 2012; AAP, 2006). However, as of 2006, only 3.8% of elementary schools were in compliance with the recommendation of 150 minutes of PE per week (Lee et al., 2007). Despite the recommendations of the Surgeon General, CDC, and others, there is little evidence of a causal effect of PE on youth obesity.

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This PDF is a selection from an out-of-print volume from

Details: Education, income, and human behavior 316 costs of purchased inputs, since those costs could be deducted with certainty from the gross returns.4 The monetary and psychic costs associated with illegitimate behavior generally include both immediate and delayed cost ele-

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This PDF is a selection from an out-of-print volume from

Details: Machiup's estimates for the year 1958, the resource costs of education and training, broadly defined, amounted to over 12 per cent of the value of GNP.2 Education is called upon to accelerate the rate of growth and to equalize the distribution of income. In the poor countries schools are regarded as a central element in the economic infrastructure.

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Econometric Methods for Research in Education

Details: Econometric Methods for Research in Education Costas Meghir and Steven G. Rivkin NBER Working Paper No. 16003 May 2010 JEL No. C1,C14,H31,H52,I21,J24,J31

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