Imf.org View Learning

Learning vs. Schooling and the Promise of Education

Details: Delivered well, education—and the human capital it creates—has many benefits. For individuals, education promotes employment, earnings, and health. For societies, it drives long-term economic growth, reduces poverty, spurs innovation, …

› Verified 2 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/2018/03/picture.htm Go Now

• Get more: Imf training coursesGo Now

The Global Education Emergency

Details: Kristalina Georgieva’s Letter to Gordon Brown, UN Special Envoy for Global Education and Chair of the International Commission on Financing Global Education Opportunity. Mr. Brown had personally shared with Ms. Georgieva an Open Letter calling for urgent action to address the global education emergency triggered by COVID-19.

› Verified Just Now

› Url: https://www.imf.org/en/News/Articles/2020/09/01/vc-md-education-emergency-letter Go Now

• Get more: Imf training application systemGo Now

Why Quality Matters in Education

Details: Education has the possibility of making both the individual receiving it and others better off. Specifically, a more educated society may lead to higher rates of innovation and invention, make everybody more productive by helping firms introduce new and better production methods, and lead to more rapid introduction of new technologies.

› Verified 3 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/2005/06/hanushek.htm Go Now

• Get more: Imf business schoolGo Now

Education Attainment in Public Administration …

Details: education attainment at the very top of the pyramid of government is an important factor. Our paper contributes to this strand of the literature by expanding the view to the education attainment of those officials who influence policy implementation on a day to day basis. 6

› Verified 6 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2012/wp12231.pdf Go Now

• Get more: Imf academyGo Now

Income Inequality and Education Revisited: …

Details: education and earnings as education becomes more widespread. The increase in the supply of high-education individuals will also tend to decrease the skilled wage premium and thus also income inequality. The net effect of education expansion on income inequality will therefore depend on the relative sign and magnitudes of these (continued)

› Verified 7 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/~/media/Files/Publications/WP/2017/wp17126.ashx Go Now

• Get more: Imf edxGo Now

Democracy and Foreign Education

Details: democracy and foreign education, heterogeneity of the sample, and stay rates of foreign students. Section VII discusses the results and concludes. II. LITERATURE REVIEW The relationship between education and democracy has been studied for a long time. At least since Lipset (1959), political scientists have speculated that education leads to more

› Verified 5 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2007/wp0751.pdf Go Now

• Get more: Imf institute training programsGo Now

Structural Transformation, Education and Growth

Details: Education subsidies: The government subsidizes a fraction d of the educational costs. Financing: proportional income tax t(X), s.t. budget balance. (d,t(X)) is a regressive tax program (taxes paid even if unskilled). Child labor policies: Limit on the number of hours a child can work.

› Verified 8 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/external/np/seminars/eng/2014/mpii/pdf/monge.pdf Go Now

• Get more: ImfxGo Now

Improving the Efficiency and Equity of

Details: education are still low in a large number of developing economies and there is scope to increase enrollment in early childhood and tertiary education in many economies. What is more striking is the slow progress in learning. Children learn very little in many education systems of the

› Verified 2 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/~/media/Files/Publications/WP/2019/WPIEA2019042.ashx Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

Education: Investing in Morocco’s Future

Details: PhD education at the University of Paris Sorbonne. She is an economist in the Strategy, Policy and Review department. Previously, she worked in the Middle-East and Central Asia department on the Morocco desk, on growth and structural reform issues, and on Kuwait on financial issues.

› Verified 4 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/external/np/blog/nafida/050416.pdf Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

education – IMF Blog

Details: Making sure that opportunities to enter the workforce are fair and rewarding for women benefits everyone. Yet, the average female workforce participation rate across countries is still 20 percentage points lower than the male rate, largely because gender gaps in wages and access to opportunities, such as education, stubbornly persist.

› Verified 6 days ago

› Url: https://blogs.imf.org/tag/education/ Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

Why Education Policies Matter for Equality – IMF Blog

Details: Education matters because educated individuals are better able to cope with technological and environmental changes that directly influence productivity levels. Indeed, better education is the best policy to help countries avoid the increase in income inequality that often results from technological change and globalization.

› Verified 6 days ago

› Url: https://blogs.imf.org/2014/09/08/why-education-policies-matter-for-equality/ Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

Development Focus: Education and Health Care in the

Details: education and reducing infant mortality rates ha ve been shown to hae higher eco-nomic growth rates. The Caribbean countries appear to have made significant progress in education and health, judging fr om the high le vel of public spending on these sectors (Chart 1). But a closer look at the numbers reveals that the

› Verified 6 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/1997/06/pdf/swaroop.pdf Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

Education Systems and Foreign Direct Investment: Does

Details: The education systems around the World faces two types of efficiency issues: internal and external efficiency (World Bank, 2015). First, the internal efficiency is defined as the ability of the education system to use the education sector inputs to provide education

› Verified 6 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/~/media/Files/Publications/WP/2017/wp1779.ashx Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

Struggling to Make the Grade: A Review of the Causes and

Details: quality education are the population groups that have the poorest educational outcomes today. At a primary and secondary level, South Africa’s education system is bimodal. The poorest 75–80 percent of learners depend on dysfunctional public schooling and . 6

› Verified 2 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/~/media/Files/Publications/WP/2019/WPIEA2019047.ashx Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

Education and Health in G7 Countries: Achieving Better

Details: education and health is a concern that public and private spending is high in relation to outcomes (education attainment, health status, and economic growth). Prior research on this has yielded the following insights (see Table 5): • Education attainment is a key driver of economic growth, with attainment at higher

› Verified 6 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2007/wp07263.pdf Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

A Hybrid Approach to Estimating the Efficiency of Public

Details: For education, primary and secondary school enrollment rates (gross and net), youth literacy rates, primary and secondary completion rates, and average years of schooling are used as dependent variables. Education spending and teachers per student are the independent variables. Adult literacy rates and aid revenue are included as controls.

› Verified 5 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2014/wp1419.pdf Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

Globalization: Threat or Opportunity

Details: Education, training, and research and development to promote productivity; External debt management to ensure adequate resources for sustainable development. All these policies should be focussed on country-owned strategies to reduce poverty by promoting pro-poor policies that are properly budgeted—including health, education, and strong

› Verified 6 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/external/np/exr/ib/2000/041200to.htm Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

Designing a Global Compact on Education

Details: The state of education in the world is a silent emergency—over 100 million primary school-age children are out of school, 150 million children in school are likely to drop out before completing primary school, more than half of all girls in Africa never enroll in school, and less than one-third of children in Africa and South Asia can read and write.

› Verified 3 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/2005/06/sperling.htm Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

Risk, Resources, and Education: Public Versus Private

Details: of education and minus the disposable incomes of the individuals having under- taken an education. The public program is an educational package that is a triplet

› Verified 6 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/External/Pubs/FT/staffp/2001/03/pdf/wigger.pdf Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

A Principal-Agent Theory Approach to Public Expenditure

Details: public funds to line ministries (the LMs which are, for example, the ministry of education, the health ministry, or some other public body) to implement a set of actions. The relationship between the MoF and the LMs is an agency problem subject to asymmetric information both on some external parameters and on the actions performed.

› Verified 6 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2006/wp06204.pdf Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

China: Does Government Health and Education Spending …

Details: Government health, education, and pensions systems are under-developed, leaving individuals to bear a large share of the costs. As a result, households build up saving to cover these expenses, as well as to self-insure against uncertainty, especially regarding future health and pension needs. Of course, to explain both the low and declining

› Verified 5 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2010/wp1016.pdf Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

Government Spending on Health Care and Education in

Details: Education: The key intermediate output indicators are primary pupil-teacher ratios, enrollment rates, rates of progression to secondary education, and graduation (completion) rates. The main outcome indicator is the average score on an international standardized test (PISA 2006) in mathematics (secondary education).

› Verified 6 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2008/wp08136.pdf Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

Finance & Development, March 2002

Details: Human capital—education and skills—is a critical weapon in the war against poverty. If poor countries are to achieve faster economic growth—a necessary condition for reducing poverty—they will need better-educated workforces. Even a primary education can pay off handsomely (Table 1).

› Verified 1 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/2002/03/mingat.htm Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

National Income and Its Distribution

Details: income are associated with lower inequality.2 Their model suggests that education is a key channel through which the inequality-reducing effect of income growth materializes. Motivated by this, we find that including education as a control variable substantially reduces

› Verified 6 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2014/wp14101.pdf Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

Finance & Development, June 2005

Details: Higher education faces problems throughout the world: universities are underfunded, raising worries about quality; student support is inadequate; the proportion of students from disadvantaged backgrounds is lamentably small; and the financing of universities in many countries is regressive, since the money comes from general taxation but the major …

› Verified 9 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/2005/06/barr.htm Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

Determinants of Government Efficiency

Details: of education spending in the OECD and find that income levels and parents’ education explain a large part of the variation. Afonso et al. (2006) examine public sector efficiency in the new member states of the European Union and conclude that security of property rights, income level,

› Verified 6 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2008/wp08228.pdf Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

Rwanda: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

Details: achievements in human development, particularly in the areas of health and education. We are making strides towards improving economic governance, through the decentralisation of public service delivery and the involvement of the private sector in …

› Verified 6 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/scr/2008/cr0890.pdf Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

Policy Framework Papers

Details: In the education sector, the sharp increase in primary enrollment rates since 1994/95--when the government eliminated fees on primary education--has led to a rise in the student-teacher ratio, and a concomitant decline in the quality of education. 9 At the same time, the capacity in secondary schools has remained extremely low, and there is a

› Verified 3 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/external/np/pfp/malawi/malawi.htm Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

Policy Framework Paper -- Zambia: Enhanced Structural

Details: The education sector has experienced a deterioration in all major indicators. The net enrollment ratio at the primary school level (the percentage of children of primary school age enrolled in school) fell from 73 percent in 1993 to 69 percent in 1996; in 1996, the rate of enrollment in rural areas was only 62 percent and in urban areas 81 percent.

› Verified 8 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/external/np/pfp/1999/zambia/ Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

Fiscal Decentralization and the Efficiency of Public

Details: delivery in health and education. Policy outcome is the directly measurable impact of public service delivery; outcome indicators can include infant mortality rate and school enrollment rate. Policy outcomes can be improved by augmenting policy inputs, such as expenditure allocation for health and education.

› Verified 5 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2015/wp1559.pdf Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

Regressions: An Economist Obsession

Details: Positing that an individual’s earnings depend on his or her level of education is an example of a simple model with one explanatory variable. A corresponding regression equation, assumed to be linear, would look like this: Y = a + bX. On the left side is Y, our dependent variable, earnings. On the right side are a, our constant (or intercept

› Verified 1 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/basics/regress.htm Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

IMF Survey: Technology Widening Rich-Poor Gap

Details: Better education enables a larger share of the population to acquire the skills required by the emerging global, knowledge-based economy and facilitates a shift in employment from agriculture to industry and services, thereby raising the agricultural sector's productivity relative to the average of the economy. Education is key

› Verified 4 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/en/News/Articles/2015/09/28/04/53/sores1010a Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

Good for Women Good for Growth: Closing Nigeria’s Gender Gap

Details: For Nigeria, we have conducted specific analysis to show that if Nigeria reduced gender inequality both in the labor market and in political representation; in education; in legal rights; and also by improving health outcomes for women, the economy could grow on average by as much as 1.25 percentage points more. That is a significant number

› Verified 6 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/en/News/Podcasts/All-Podcasts/2018/03/08/nigeria-gender-inequality Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

Gender Budgeting: Fiscal Context and Current Outcomes

Details: education and appropriate health care, paid employment opportunities, and political participation. Gender disparities are found throughout the world, but they are particularly pronounced in parts of the developing world. Most developed countries have eliminated gender

› Verified 6 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2016/wp16149.pdf Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

Trends in Gender Equality and Women’s Advancement

Details: equality and narrowed gaps in education, health, and economic and political opportunity; however, substantial differences remain, especially in South Asia, the Middle East, and sub-Saharan Africa. The results suggest countries can make meaningful improvements in gender equality, even while significant income differences between countries remain.

› Verified 5 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2016/wp1621.pdf Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

How Useful Are Benefit Incidence Analyses of Public

Details: propoor incidence of education and health spending tend to have better education and health outcomes, good governance, high per capita income, and wider accessibility to information. The paper explores policy implications of these findings. JEL Classification Numbers: H51, H52, I38

› Verified 6 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2003/wp03227.pdf Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

Reduce Inequality To Create Opportunity – IMF Blog

Details: Education, for example, prepares young people to become productive adults who contribute to society. Health care saves lives and can also improve the quality of life. Pension programs can allow the elderly to preserve their dignity in old age. The ability to scale up social spending is also essential for achieving the SDGs.

› Verified 3 days ago

› Url: https://blogs.imf.org/2020/01/07/reduce-inequality-to-create-opportunity/ Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

Finance & Development, June 2005

Details: Education and health capital have strong links. Health capital contributes to the accumulation of education capital, with an elasticity of about 1.3. This means, for example, that an increase in health capital of 10 percent would raise education capital by 13 percent.

› Verified 3 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/2005/06/baldacci.htm Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

More Jobs That Pay Decent Wages: How To Fight Poverty In

Details: The belief that anyone can make it if they get a good education and work hard has been a cornerstone of the American identity. By helping poor families make ends meet, a combined expansion of the earned income tax credit and a modest increase in the minimum wage would bring the United States a step closer to realizing that aspiration.

› Verified 7 days ago

› Url: https://blogs.imf.org/2014/08/28/more-jobs-that-pay-decent-wages-how-to-fight-poverty-in-the-united-states/ Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

The Impact of Digital Technology on Society and Economic

Details: Education and competition policy will also need to be adapted. Schools and universities should provide coming generations with the skills they need to work in the emerging economy. But societies also will need to put a premium on retraining workers whose skills have been degraded. Similarly, the reorganization of production puts new strains on

› Verified 2 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/2018/06/impact-of-digital-technology-on-economic-growth/muhleisen.htm Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

The Cambodian Economy: Outlook, Risks and Reforms

Details: Education and health standards need more progress. For example, schools need to provide up-to-date training that can equip young people with the skills needed to obtain good jobs. Keep in mind that Cambodians are competing against hundreds of millions of young people around the world.

› Verified 4 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/en/News/Articles/2017/06/06/sp060717-the-cambodian-economy-outlook-risks-and-reforms Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

Finance & Development, December 2000

Details: In almost all countries, the conditions—in terms of personal consumption and access to education, health care, potable water and sanitation, housing, transport, and communications—faced by the rural poor are far worse than those faced by the urban poor. Persistently high levels of rural poverty, with or without overall economic growth, have

› Verified 9 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/2000/12/khan.htm Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

Changing Demographics and Economic Growth – IMF F&D

Details: Population 2020. Demographics can be a potent driver of the pace and process of economic development. David E. Bloom. “Demography is destiny” is an oft-cited phrase that suggests the size, growth, and structure of a nation’s population determines its long-term social, economic, and political fabric. The phrase highlights the role of

› Verified 2 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/2020/03/changing-demographics-and-economic-growth-bloom.htm Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

PROPERTY TAX REFORMS IN THE PHILIPPINES

Details: •Special Education Fund Tax An annual tax imposed by the province or city, or a municipality within Metro Manila, at fixed rate of 1% on the assessed value of the real property This is in addition to the basic RPT

› Verified 8 days ago

› Url: https://www.imf.org/external/np/seminars/eng/2013/asiatax/pdfs/philippines.pdf Go Now

› Get more:  EducationGo Now

Related topics